电信新的摄入,深入分析和我们尊敬的行业领导者小组的意见

印度卫星宽带和数字服务完全准备起飞

"The Indian Satcom future is undeniably bright. There is indeed a powerful tide in our satellite seas and we need to take it at the flood with an appropriate Policy to achieve or excel the success achieved in mobile communications," Ramachandran says.

电视Ramachandran
电视Ramachandran President, Broadband India Forum

The Department of Space was quick to kickstart consultations with a draft Spacecom Policy and the Department of Telecommunications announced a significantly liberating amendment to the Commercial VSAT License Agreements. This was followed by the DoT\u2019s Telecom Engineering Centre making a set of brilliant strokes to revamp and modernize the technical rules for Communication & Broadcast Networks for the satellite sector, and more recently, the TRAI brought out epoch-making recommendations on \u201cLicensing Framework for Satellite based connectivity for low bit rate applications\u201d.

In commercial satellite communications and broadcasting, the way ahead for India is only upward and ever-rising since our satcom penetration and usage is far below comparable regimes. It is no surprise therefore that, following the above announcements, almost every day we see reports of activity by one big satellite player or the other, both existing and new. The names of Tata Nelco, Hughes, One Web of Bharti & UK govt., Elon Musk\u2019s Starlink and Kuiper of Amazon are resounding from all sides. At the same time, retrograde steps are rumored as regards satcom spectrum allocation that would be completely out of sync with global practices. This is very disturbing. Big time investors of repute are clearly waiting and watching before jumping in with large outlays.

Notwithstanding the recent progressive moves, it has to be admitted that Indian commercial satellite communications is today only where terrestrial mobile communications were twenty years ago, until the NTP99 Policy unleashed explosive growth in that sector.

Experts opine that similar policy action as taken for terrestrial telecommunications through NTP 1999 is what is the requirement today for satellite communications and broadcasting. While individual steps initiated are encouraging, serious investors and entrepreneurs need the comfort of a clear Satcom Policy that maps the way forward as complementary to, or a component of the forthcoming Spacecom Policy.

Some of the important recommendations for consideration in the new satcom policy are given below:

  • The Satcom Policy should be aligned with the telegraph act, TRAI act and the NDCP 2018 since all these three govern all telecommunications in India. In fact, NDCP 2018 specifically covers satellite communications in three sub sections \u2013 1.3 (a), 1.3 (b) and 1.3 (c).<\/li>
  • Ensure technology neutrality, level playing field and non-discriminatory treatment for all new satellite technologies and all types of satellites.<\/li>
  • Satellite Spectrum:<\/strong> One of the major focus areas for an effective Satcom Policy for India would be to ensure that spectrum for satcom continues to be allocated in line with best global practices and taking into account the vital aspects that, by its very nature, it\u2019s a shared resource between different players. The world over, satcom spectrum is therefore allocated via administrative process for obvious practical and techno-economic reasons. India cannot afford to lag behind others by making exceptions which would potentially hamper the sector\u2019s rising prospects.<\/li>
  • Satellite Broadband:<\/strong> The necessity of providing ubiquitous digital connectivity to the farthest corners of the country demand that all satellite licenses must include the broadband provision, to augment both penetration and proliferation of quality digital services to the masses. In fact, the need of rural citizens is far higher for quality broadband as compared to their urban brethren. It is difficult to meet this requirement through terrestrial media. Hence, in India, satellite services must not be limited to narrow band only and should necessarily cover broadband.<\/li>
  • AGR Issues:<\/strong> The recent clarifications made by Government in the case of mobile telecommunications must be extended to cover satellite communications and broadcasting services also, to ensure reasonable financial conditions. In any case this is required on level playing field considerations also.<\/li>
  • Provision the tenure of License Authorization for at least 20 years for the given orbital resources - both in broadcasting and broadband segments, to ensure Business Continuity.<\/li>
  • Permit direct commercial deals between satellite operators and various licensed satellite service providers.
    <\/li>
  • Stipulate a time-bound single window clearance mechanism for approvals\/authorization processes.
    <\/li>
  • Approve pending applications and new applications for building and launching satellites out of India within a fixed time frame of, say 90 days, as long as they conform to the Indian regulatory requirements.
    <\/li>
  • Rural Connectivity:<\/strong> Reduce levies such as Withholding Taxes, Antrix\/NSIL mark-up, spectrum usage charges, monitoring charges levied by NOCC (an arm of DoT) and GST for rural broadband.<\/li> <\/ul>
    \"\"

    As shown in the table above, in comparison to the USA, Europe and other advanced countries of the world which follow an Open Sky Policy, India has a much Restricted Policy for satellite communications in place. If we are to cater to the huge bandwidth\/capacity requirement to fulfil the rapidly and consistently growing data demand, we need to open the skies for foreign satellite operators to offer their existing capacity over India to complement the indigenous capacity available and for private parties to contribute in this vital field. We should also encourage foreign companies to put up satellites over India, which can then serve as a mid-path between the current regime of leasing capacity from foreign satellites, to that of foreign satellite providers setting shop and launching satellites over India using Indian orbital slots. Concurrently, we need to grow the domestic satcom ecosystem as well.

    So far, satcom in India has been used chiefly for providing connectivity to far reaching areas and narrowband connectivity to ATMs for facilitating financial inclusion. But the advent of the latest technological advancements - both in terms of Next-Gen Satellites (LEOs\/MEOs\/HEOs, etc.), as well as in the ground segment, present tremendous scope for satcom to cater to the latent demand of broadband services, especially for bandwidth guzzling next-gen applications.

    Speaking of next-gen, 5G would also need Satcom to provide ubiquitous satellite-powered services for content delivery networks (CDNs), edge-computing and edge-delivery of video services to end users, while enabling broadband delivery through direct-to-home, enterprises and government customers.

    Moreover, the induction of satcom into the 5G standard in future Release 17 and 18 by 3GPP, forecasts an era of convergence of both terrestrial and satellite technologies, to bring about a homogeneous mapping of coverage and capacity that is likely to cover the entire globe. This would be extremely significant for a country like India which is largely broadband starved in the rural, remote and outlying areas, as essentially, it would be able to provide high speed, high-capacity broadband services to each and every part of the country, thereby enabling and empowering our people.

    The Indian Satcom future is undeniably bright. There is indeed a powerful tide in our satellite seas and we need to take it at the flood with an appropriate Policy to achieve or excel the success achieved in mobile communications.

    ","blog_img":"retail_files\/blog_1634176268_temp.jpg","posted_date":"2021-10-14 07:21:09","modified_date":"2021-10-14 07:21:09","featured":"46","status":"Y","seo_title":"Indian satellite broadband & digital services fully poised for lift-off","seo_url":"indian-satellite-broadband-digital-services-fully-poised-for-lift-off","url":"\/\/www.infraplanar.com\/tele-talk\/indian-satellite-broadband-digital-services-fully-poised-for-lift-off\/5123","url_seo":"indian-satellite-broadband-digital-services-fully-poised-for-lift-off"}">
    毫不夸张地说,在过去的二十年中,从未有过如此乐观和希望,这是印度卫星部门的如此乐观和希望,就像过去18个月中所见证的那样。在霍姆布尔财政部长在5月'20年5月'推出它之后,她的历史性宣布政府对加强该部门的私有化和自由化的决心,这是经济刺激套餐的一部分,因此无法停止剑圣。从那时起,强大而稳定的是各种政策和监管举措的流动,投资者和球员的兴奋一直在显着。

    太空部迅速开始与SpaceCom政策草案进行磋商,电信部宣布对商业VSAT许可协议进行了大量解放修正案。接下来是DoT’s电信工程中心making a set of brilliant strokes to revamp and modernize the technical rules for Communication & Broadcast Networks for the satellite sector, and more recently, the TRAI brought out epoch-making recommendations on “Licensing Framework for Satellite based connectivity for low bit rate applications”.

    在商业卫星通信和广播中,印度的前进方式只有自从我们的Satcom渗透和使用远低于可比的政权。因此,毫不奇怪的是,遵循上述公告,几乎每天我们都会看到一位大型卫星玩家或另一个(现有和新的)活动的报告。塔塔·尼尔科(Tata Nelco),休斯(Hughes),巴蒂(Bharti)和英国政府的一个网络,埃隆·马斯克(Elon Musk)的星际林克(Starlink)和亚马逊(Amazon)的库珀(Kuiper)的名字都来自各方。同时,关于SATCOM Spectrum Spectrum分配的逆行步骤将完全与全球实践同步。这非常令人不安。著名的大型投资者显然在等待和观看,然后再与大型支出相连。

    尽管最近采取了进步的举动,但必须承认,印度商业卫星通信直到二十年前,直到NTP99政策释放了该部门的爆炸性增长,直到陆地移动通信才是二十年前。

    专家认为,通过NTP 1999对地面电信采取的类似政策行动是当今卫星通信和广播的要求。虽然发起的个别步骤令人鼓舞,但认真的投资者和企业家需要清晰的舒适SATCOM政策that maps the way forward as complementary to, or a component of the forthcoming Spacecom Policy.

    下面给出了新的SATCOM政策中考虑的一些重要建议:

    • SATCOM政策应与《电报法》,《 TRAI法案》和《 NDCP 2018》一致,因为这三项统治着印度的所有电信。实际上,NDCP 2018专门涵盖了三个部分中的卫星通信:1.3(a),1.3(b)和1.3(c)。
    • 确保对所有新卫星技术和所有类型的卫星的技术中立,水平的竞争环境和非歧视性治疗。
    • 卫星光谱:One of the major focus areas for an effective Satcom Policy for India would be to ensure that spectrum for satcom continues to be allocated in line with best global practices and taking into account the vital aspects that, by its very nature, it’s a shared resource between different players. The world over, satcom spectrum is therefore allocated via administrative process for obvious practical and techno-economic reasons. India cannot afford to lag behind others by making exceptions which would potentially hamper the sector’s rising prospects.
    • Satellite Broadband:提供无处不在的数字连接到该国最远的角落的必要性,要求所有卫星许可都必须包括宽带供应,以增强质量数字服务对大众的渗透和扩散。实际上,与城市弟兄相比,质量宽带的农村公民的需求要高得多。很难通过地面媒体满足这一要求。因此,在印度,卫星服务必须不仅限于狭窄的乐队,因此必须涵盖宽带。
    • AGR问题:政府在移动电信的情况下进行的最新澄清必须扩展,以涵盖卫星通信和广播服务,以确保合理的财务状况。无论如何,这也需要在级别的竞争环境方面考虑。
    • Provision the tenure of License Authorization for at least 20 years for the given orbital resources - both in broadcasting and broadband segments, to ensure Business Continuity.
    • Permit direct commercial deals between satellite operators and various licensed satellite service providers.
    • 规定批准/授权流程的时间限制的单窗口清除机制。
    • 批准在固定的时间范围内(例如90天)批准从印度出发和推出卫星的新申请和新的申请,只要它们符合印度监管要求。
    • 农村连通性:减少征收税款,例如预扣税,ANTRIX/NSIL标记,频谱使用费,监视NOCC(DOT的手臂)征收的指控以及GST为农村宽带征收的费用。



    如上表所示,与美国,欧洲和遵循开放天空政策的世界其他发达国家相比,印度对卫星通信的政策有很多限制的政策。如果我们要迎合满足迅速,持续增长的数据需求的巨大带宽/能力需求,我们需要为外国卫星运营商开放天空,以便为印度提供现有的能力,以补充可用的土著能力,并为私人党派提供可用的土著人民,以便为私人党提供适用于印度的能力在这个重要领域做出贡献。我们还应该鼓励外国公司在印度上放置卫星,然后可以在当前的外国卫星租赁能力的政权上,到外国卫星提供商设置商店并使用印度在印度在印度推出卫星的卫星。。同时,我们也需要发展国内SATCOM生态系统。

    So far,Satcomin India已主要用于提供与遥远地区的连接,并与ATM的窄带连接性促进金融包容性。但是,最新技术进步的出现 - 无论是在下一代卫星(Leos/Meos/Heos等)方面,以及地面细分市场,SATCOM的巨大范围可满足宽带服务的潜在需求,特别是对于带宽的下一代应用程序。

    说到下一代,5G还需要SATCOM为内容交付网络(CDN),边缘计算和视频服务的边缘交付提供无处不在的卫星供电服务,同时通过直接到达宽带交付,企业和政府客户。

    Moreover, the induction of satcom into the 5G standard in future Release 17 and 18 by 3GPP, forecasts an era of convergence of both terrestrial and satellite technologies, to bring about a homogeneous mapping of coverage and capacity that is likely to cover the entire globe. This would be extremely significant for a country like India which is largely broadband starved in the rural, remote and outlying areas, as essentially, it would be able to provide high speed, high-capacity broadband services to each and every part of the country, thereby enabling and empowering our people.

    印度卫星的未来无可否认是光明的。卫星海域确实存在着强大的潮流,我们需要在洪水中采取适当的政策来实现或超越移动通信中的成功。

    DISCLAIMER: The views expressed are solely of the author and ETTelecom.com does not necessarily subscribe to it. ETTelecom.com shall not be responsible for any damage caused to any person/organisation directly or indirectly.


The Department of Space was quick to kickstart consultations with a draft Spacecom Policy and the Department of Telecommunications announced a significantly liberating amendment to the Commercial VSAT License Agreements. This was followed by the DoT\u2019s Telecom Engineering Centre making a set of brilliant strokes to revamp and modernize the technical rules for Communication & Broadcast Networks for the satellite sector, and more recently, the TRAI brought out epoch-making recommendations on \u201cLicensing Framework for Satellite based connectivity for low bit rate applications\u201d.

In commercial satellite communications and broadcasting, the way ahead for India is only upward and ever-rising since our satcom penetration and usage is far below comparable regimes. It is no surprise therefore that, following the above announcements, almost every day we see reports of activity by one big satellite player or the other, both existing and new. The names of Tata Nelco, Hughes, One Web of Bharti & UK govt., Elon Musk\u2019s Starlink and Kuiper of Amazon are resounding from all sides. At the same time, retrograde steps are rumored as regards satcom spectrum allocation that would be completely out of sync with global practices. This is very disturbing. Big time investors of repute are clearly waiting and watching before jumping in with large outlays.

Notwithstanding the recent progressive moves, it has to be admitted that Indian commercial satellite communications is today only where terrestrial mobile communications were twenty years ago, until the NTP99 Policy unleashed explosive growth in that sector.

Experts opine that similar policy action as taken for terrestrial telecommunications through NTP 1999 is what is the requirement today for satellite communications and broadcasting. While individual steps initiated are encouraging, serious investors and entrepreneurs need the comfort of a clear Satcom Policy that maps the way forward as complementary to, or a component of the forthcoming Spacecom Policy.

Some of the important recommendations for consideration in the new satcom policy are given below:

  • The Satcom Policy should be aligned with the telegraph act, TRAI act and the NDCP 2018 since all these three govern all telecommunications in India. In fact, NDCP 2018 specifically covers satellite communications in three sub sections \u2013 1.3 (a), 1.3 (b) and 1.3 (c).<\/li>
  • Ensure technology neutrality, level playing field and non-discriminatory treatment for all new satellite technologies and all types of satellites.<\/li>
  • Satellite Spectrum:<\/strong> One of the major focus areas for an effective Satcom Policy for India would be to ensure that spectrum for satcom continues to be allocated in line with best global practices and taking into account the vital aspects that, by its very nature, it\u2019s a shared resource between different players. The world over, satcom spectrum is therefore allocated via administrative process for obvious practical and techno-economic reasons. India cannot afford to lag behind others by making exceptions which would potentially hamper the sector\u2019s rising prospects.<\/li>
  • Satellite Broadband:<\/strong> The necessity of providing ubiquitous digital connectivity to the farthest corners of the country demand that all satellite licenses must include the broadband provision, to augment both penetration and proliferation of quality digital services to the masses. In fact, the need of rural citizens is far higher for quality broadband as compared to their urban brethren. It is difficult to meet this requirement through terrestrial media. Hence, in India, satellite services must not be limited to narrow band only and should necessarily cover broadband.<\/li>
  • AGR Issues:<\/strong> The recent clarifications made by Government in the case of mobile telecommunications must be extended to cover satellite communications and broadcasting services also, to ensure reasonable financial conditions. In any case this is required on level playing field considerations also.<\/li>
  • Provision the tenure of License Authorization for at least 20 years for the given orbital resources - both in broadcasting and broadband segments, to ensure Business Continuity.<\/li>
  • Permit direct commercial deals between satellite operators and various licensed satellite service providers.
    <\/li>
  • Stipulate a time-bound single window clearance mechanism for approvals\/authorization processes.
    <\/li>
  • Approve pending applications and new applications for building and launching satellites out of India within a fixed time frame of, say 90 days, as long as they conform to the Indian regulatory requirements.
    <\/li>
  • Rural Connectivity:<\/strong> Reduce levies such as Withholding Taxes, Antrix\/NSIL mark-up, spectrum usage charges, monitoring charges levied by NOCC (an arm of DoT) and GST for rural broadband.<\/li> <\/ul>
    \"\"

    As shown in the table above, in comparison to the USA, Europe and other advanced countries of the world which follow an Open Sky Policy, India has a much Restricted Policy for satellite communications in place. If we are to cater to the huge bandwidth\/capacity requirement to fulfil the rapidly and consistently growing data demand, we need to open the skies for foreign satellite operators to offer their existing capacity over India to complement the indigenous capacity available and for private parties to contribute in this vital field. We should also encourage foreign companies to put up satellites over India, which can then serve as a mid-path between the current regime of leasing capacity from foreign satellites, to that of foreign satellite providers setting shop and launching satellites over India using Indian orbital slots. Concurrently, we need to grow the domestic satcom ecosystem as well.

    So far, satcom in India has been used chiefly for providing connectivity to far reaching areas and narrowband connectivity to ATMs for facilitating financial inclusion. But the advent of the latest technological advancements - both in terms of Next-Gen Satellites (LEOs\/MEOs\/HEOs, etc.), as well as in the ground segment, present tremendous scope for satcom to cater to the latent demand of broadband services, especially for bandwidth guzzling next-gen applications.

    Speaking of next-gen, 5G would also need Satcom to provide ubiquitous satellite-powered services for content delivery networks (CDNs), edge-computing and edge-delivery of video services to end users, while enabling broadband delivery through direct-to-home, enterprises and government customers.

    Moreover, the induction of satcom into the 5G standard in future Release 17 and 18 by 3GPP, forecasts an era of convergence of both terrestrial and satellite technologies, to bring about a homogeneous mapping of coverage and capacity that is likely to cover the entire globe. This would be extremely significant for a country like India which is largely broadband starved in the rural, remote and outlying areas, as essentially, it would be able to provide high speed, high-capacity broadband services to each and every part of the country, thereby enabling and empowering our people.

    The Indian Satcom future is undeniably bright. There is indeed a powerful tide in our satellite seas and we need to take it at the flood with an appropriate Policy to achieve or excel the success achieved in mobile communications.

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